Господдержка предприятий-производителей строительных материалов
The head of the all-Russian public organization of small and medium-sized businesses "OPORA RUSSIA" Alexander Kalinin proposed to create a rating of municipalities in the regions of Russia to create a favorable investment climate in these territories.
A presentation and discussion of the track "Contemporary Economic Policy" of the Forum "Strong Ideas for a New Time" organized by ASI and Roscongress took place on the platforms of TASS, the Agency for Strategic Initiatives and the Roscongress Foundation.
“The region should have a rating system and an assessment of the investment climate in municipalities. In many ways, business is tied to the municipality. For example, in matters of obtaining a construction permit, gasification of the facility, choosing the location of non-stationary trade facilities, ”said Alexander Kalinin.
According to him, such a system has already been implemented in a number of regions, but is needed everywhere. As an example, he cited the Tyumen region, where "every year the investment climate in municipalities is rated, and all the business communities are involved in the rating system itself." "Those municipalities that gain the highest scores on this rating receive additional subsidies from the regional budget," said Kalinin.
Alexey Repik, chairman of the all-Russian public organization Delovaya Rossiya, who also participated in the discussion, agreed with the need to maintain such a rating, but indicated that such a practice should be voluntary.
"I think it won't work if it becomes a mandatory program. It should be an arbitrary program. We very often like to produce complex bureaucratic entities that have a very good idea behind them, but their implementation leaves much to be desired. If you want yours The municipality lived with dignity, new investors came to it and citizens remained, which means that you [as an official] will do it. And the imposed idea may not be what we expect from it, "he said.
During the discussion, Acting Governor of the Kamchatka Territory Vladimir Solodov called the idea correct, agreeing that "it should come from below," that is, from the municipality itself. "It is necessary to create such a system when the head of the municipality is motivated, he will understand that the development of the municipality is linked [with the creation of a favorable investment climate]," he said.
In addition, the President of OPORA RUSSIA noted that the share of entrepreneurial income in the structure of all monetary incomes of the Russian population during the pandemic fell to 3.5%, which is the lowest value over the past 20 years.
“The profitability of business in Russia has fallen sharply over 20 years. On the other hand, the share of the public sector has increased sharply. Where is the main profitability today? In the commodity sector and the financial sector. The real sector of the economy is working today with minimal profit, "said Alexander Kalinin.
According to Kalinin, the share of entrepreneurial income in the total income of the population of the Russian Federation in 2000 was 14.7%. "At the beginning of this year, the figure was already 5.9%, and during the pandemic it dropped to 3.5%," he said, adding that these data are based on Rosstat reports.
The head of the Organization considers the topic of returning profitability to Russian business as a key issue. According to him, ideas aimed at this are expected from the participants of the track "Contemporary Economic Policy".
The event was also attended by the dean of the Faculty of Economics, Moscow State University. Lomonosov Alexander Auzan and chairman of the all-Russian public organization "Business Russia" Alexei Repik.
The ASI and Roscongress Foundation Forum "Strong Ideas for a New Time" will take place in October in Sochi. Until August 24, everyone can submit their ideas in seven areas of the forum on the crowd platform. Selected proposals are being finalized together with experts. The most significant initiatives will receive the support of ASI and partners, and the authors of the top 100 ideas will present them at the forum to the country's leadership. The ideas that are collected along the track "Contemporary Economic Policy" are focused on the search for new solutions and initiatives that ensure the country's leading to the trajectory of outrunning economic growth.
The organizing committee of the forum is headed by the first vice-premier of the Russian Federation Andrey Belousov.